• History

    Aphria Inc.

    A brief history of the use of medical cannabis

    How long ago was cannabis first used in medicine?

    Although most people associate cannabis coming into use in the wild 60’s, it has actually been used as a natural therapeutic remedy for thousands of years and historically is a safe herbal remedy that reacts well in our bodies thanks to our endocannabinoid system.

    6,000 BCE

    (Before Common Era) - First recorded culinary use of cannabis seeds and oil in China.

    2,737 BCE

    Chinese Emperor Shen Neng's first use of cannabis as medicine.

    2,000-800 BCE

    Used as a spiritual offering and one of the five sacred plants of India, bhang (dried cannabis leaves, seeds and stems) is seen in the Hindu text Atharva Veda (Science of Charms) as 'Sacred Grass'.

    700-600 BCE

    An ancient Persian religious text, the Zoroastrian Zend Avesta, refers to bhang the 'good narcotic'.

    130-200

    Marijuana is prescribed as medicine by the Greek physician Galen.

    200

    It is used as an anesthetic by Chinese surgeon Hua T'o.

    300

    In Jerusalem a woman is given medical marijuana during childbirth.

    500-600

    The euphoric properties of cannabis are mentioned in the Jewish Talmud.

    1532

    French physician Rabelais mentions marijuana's medicinal effects in his novels.

    1563

    Marijuana's medicinal effects are reported by Portuguese physician Garcia da Orta.

    1578

    China's Li Shih-Chen writes about the antiemetic and antibiotic effects.

    1621

    The idea of marijuana treating depression is mentioned in Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.

    1753

    Cannabis sativa is classified by Linnaeus.

    1764

    Medical marijuana appears in The New England Dispensatory.

    1794

    Medical marijuana appears in The Edinburgh New Dispensary.

    1840

    Medicinal preparations using cannabis are available in America.

    1842

    Cannabis research is published in English medical journals by Irish physician O'Shaughnessy.

    1850

    The U.S. Pharmacopoeia adds Cannabis (In 1941 Cannabis is removed and it's medicinal use is no longer recognized in America.)

    1850-1915

    Commonly used medicinally in America, marijuana could easily be purchased in pharmacies and general stores.

    1923

    Prohibition of cannabis

    1941

    Cannabis and its medicinal use is no longer recognized in America.

    2001

    Medical Marihuana Access Regulations (MMAR) allow Personal-Use Production Licence / Designated – Person Production Licence / Health Canada supply

    October 1, 2013

    no new licences for MMAR

    March 31, 2014

    MMAR repealed & medical cannabis allowed only through Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR)

    August 24, 2016

    Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulation (ACMPR)

    References

    © 2017 Cannabis Canada Association