• Glossary

    Supreme Pharmaceuticals Inc.

    Some Common Regulated Cannabis Terminology

    Cannabis

    Cannabis is a plant genus that produces three species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. When producing medical cannabis, Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are the dominant species used. Cannabis goes through a vegetative stage and a flowering stage before it is harvested. 7

    Strain

    A strain is a specific variety of medical cannabis, with a unique cannabinoid and terpene profile that contributes to its specific effects. 7

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    Indica

    Indica cannabis strains are associated with a relaxing, heavier effect that clients typically report suitable for evening and night use. 7

    Hybrid

    Hybrid cannabis plants are a genetic cross between two or more separate strains of cannabis, exhibiting characteristics of both. Plants can be balanced or Sativa dominant and Indica-dominant hybrids. 7

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    Sativa

    Sativa cannabis strains are associated with an uplifting, alert effect that clients typically report suitable for daytime use. 7

    Cannabinoids

    Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds unique to cannabis that act upon the human body’s cannabinoid receptors. There are over 80 known cannabinoids present in the Cannabis plant, each with varying effects. These include THC and CBD. 7

    Endocannabinoids

    Cannabinoids created by the body to help regulate the various systems that keep
    it healthy. 3

    Phytocannabinoids

    Cannabinoids found within plants. 3

    Cannabidiol (CBD)

    CBD is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in Cannabis after THC. Research has shown that CBD provides a therapeutic effect without contributing to the psychoactive “high”. 7


    Cannabinol (CBN)

    CBN is found only in small amounts and is created as a by-product of THC degradation over time. It is known to create a sedative effect. 3

    Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

    THC is the primary psychoactive constituent present in medical cannabis, commonly related to the euphoric effects or “high” from cannabis. 7


    Terpenes

    Terpenes are a class of organic compounds present in a variety of plants, including Cannabis. Different strains can be distinguished by the variety of terpenes they produce, which contributes to differences in aroma, flavour and effects. Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary constituents of the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers. 7

    Trichomes

    Trichomes are the resin production glands of the cannabis plant. They contain the highest concentration of cannabinoids in the plant. 7


    THC:CBD ratio

    Each strain contains a ratio of THC to CBD, which has a unique potency, and is thought to deliver different therapeutic effects for varying symptoms. 3

    Entourage effect

    Like an orchestra that produces a unique sound from many different instruments, medical cannabis contains over 60 different molecules that each contribute to the end effect. Cannabinoids – including THC, and CBD, along with terpenes have been shown to work together synergistically and regulate each other in a way known as the ‘entourage effect’. This explains why various strains create so many different effects, making the person feel calm, sleepy, anxious or awake. 3


    Aquaponics

    Aquaponics is a low impact agricultural solution whereby fish waste supplies nutrients to the soil which in turn purifies the water. Aquaponics is a fully closed loop
    sustainable agricultural and production system that combines traditional aquaculture with hydroponics in a symbiotic environment. 4

    Irradiation

    Irradiation is a technology that improves the safety and extends the shelf life of certain foods or herbal products by reducing or eliminating microorganisms or viruses. Irradiation can be used for dried cannabis to effectively reduce or eliminate microorganisms or viruses that may potentially cause illness. 6


    Licensed Producer

    Licensed Producers authorized by Health Canada are the only legal source of cannabis. All applications to become a licensed producer of cannabis for medical purposes undergo a strict and thorough review and are subject to ongoing review based on a variety of factors, including but not limited to receipt of updated information, new developments, the result of subsequent reviews of the application, etc. Refer to Health Canada’s list:

    www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/marihuana/info/list-eng.php

    Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR) from 2014 to 2016

    MMPR refers to the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations, which allows Canadians authorized access to medical cannabis from a licensed producer if they have the support of their physician. 7

    Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) – August 24, 2016

    ACMPR refers to the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations, which allows for reasonable access to cannabis for medical purposes for Canadians who have been authorized to use cannabis for medical purposes by their health care practitioner. The largest single change is the introduction of provisions that will allow Canadians to produce a limited amount of cannabis for their own medical purposes, or designate someone to produce it for them.


    Milled

    Milled products are ready-to-use and hand milled carefully, consisting of premium milled bud or sweet leaf. 7

    Whole Bud

    Whole bud products consist of premium dried cannabis in its natural form. 7

    Vaporizer

    A vaporizer is a device used to inhale cannabis without combusting it. Vaporizers work by heating the dried cannabis matter to a temperature below the burning point, producing a cannabinoid-rich vapour that can be inhaled directly. 7

    Oil

    A concentrated resin produced from extracting the major cannabinoids and aromatic compounds that is diluted in oil to make it easier to administer orally. 7

    References

    © 2017 Cannabis Canada Association